The city of Nazca is located in the heart of the Peruvian desert, 447 km from Lima. This famous region was home to a distinctive civilization called the Nazca culture, which developed around the 1st century. However, this ancient culture disappeared, leaving a riddle yet to be solved.
The Nazca Lines are one of the world’s greatest mysteries composed of over 1,100 geoglyphs of animals, plants, geometrical figures, and straight lines carved in the Nazca plateau. However, the purpose of these lines remains uncertain.
Different archeologists theorized of them being an astronomical calendar, and others even emphasized the fact that this could be a landing site for extraterrestrial spacecraft. Nevertheless, these ancient figures may be inclined to religious purposes according to recent studies carried out by Yamagata University in Japan.
These famous geoglyphs were studied by many international and Peruvian archeologists, being Maria Reiche, a German-born Peruvian mathematician, the one who dedicated her lifework to the understanding and preservation of the Nazca Lines, granting them recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, four years before she passed away due to cancer complications.
In addition to the Nazca Lines, other discoveries are related to this ancient Peruvian civilization, as the gloomy trophy heads which purpose keeps intriguing historians and archeologists since there’s a constant debate about whether these objects were trophies of war or used for rituals.
However, besides the dark side of this civilization’s ancient customs, they were recognized for the artistic expression presented on their pottery and complex textiles. Apparently, the Nazca people adopted techniques from previous civilizations as known in the Topara and Paracas cultures.
For those looking to know more about the communities that marked our country, visiting the Peruvian desert is the way to start. As aforementioned, many mysteries surround this civilization, but as far as we know, they also influenced the development of following cultures.
Weather in Nazca
The Nazca region is one of the aridest places in South America. Thereby, the Nazca Lines have been nearly untouched and well-preserved until the current date. Rainfall is nearly nill in this region, which is why it is recognized as the “Eternal Summerland.” Likewise, temperatures range between 20°C and 35°C during summertime and can drop down to 5°C in winter. Learn more about the weather in Peru here →
How to Get to Nazca?
Currently, the only way to get to Nazca is by bus travel since this city’s airport is only used for the flight over the Nazca Lines. However, this famous region is easily accessible from the most in-demand cities of Peru.
Lima is the starting point for most travelers. Therefore, if you’re planning to visit this world mystery, consider taking a bus ride through Peru’s most famous destinations. Moving around by bus is considered a more enriching travel experience rather than by flying to different cities. Besides, it is significantly cheaper than commercial flights.
While going on a bus trip through our country, you’ll be immersed in the authentic scenery of the Peruvian territory. There are different routes to take and a variety of places worth knowing. Nonetheless, if visiting the Nazca Lines is a must for you, consider going south of Lima. Learn how to Discover Southern Peru here! →